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Old 07-19-2012, 04:40 PM
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Military Training Videos

Quote:
"U.S. Army Materiel Command. U.S. Army Munitions Command. Edgewood Arsenal." Film shows tests of Sarin nerve gas on goats, rabbits and pigeons in the open and in simulated enemy bunkers. Made during the Vietnam War, the film refers to the possibility of using Sarin against Vietcong tunnels.
CAUTION: dying animals are not pleasant to watch.

Public domain film from the National Archives.

A friend of mine was drafted to Viet Nam when he was a kid. He told me a few years back about some goat video they made him watch. He did not go into much details but said he was horrified. It was the Military Training Video regarding the effects of Nerve Agents. After viewing the brief video - the soldiers were each supplied with the antidote to the Nerve Agents. The video showed a goat and within minutes after exposure it was on its side sick then dead. According to my friend . My friend said one of his mates stabbed himself in the thumb with Atropine and his hand went numb for quite awhile.

Anyways these Military Training Videos are now viewable on YT and The National Archives. Goats are tethered to a spike in the ground by a short rope in 3 areas. Above them is a rabbit in a cage and pigeons. The nerve gas is administered by a long range weapon. The narrator describes the death of the animals. Not sure why no one administers the antidote.

My friend was also briefly trained about the effects of what was to be used as a broad leaf plant killing aerosol . He was told it was safe enough to shower in. Another story.....



Sarin, or GB, is an organophosphorus compound with the formula [(CH3)2CHO]CH3P(O)F. It is a colorless, odorless liquid, used as a chemical weapon owing to its extreme potency as a nerve agent. It has been classified as a weapon of mass destruction in UN Resolution 687. Production and stockpiling of sarin was outlawed by the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 where it is classified as a Schedule 1 substance.

Production and structure

Sarin is a chiral molecule (typically racemic), with four substituents attached to the tetrahedral phosphorus center. The SP form (shown) is the more active enantiomer due to its greater binding to acetylcholinesterase. It is prepared from methylphosphonyl difluoride and a mixture of isopropyl alcohol. CH3P(O)F2 + (CH3)2CHOH → [(CH3)2CHO]CH3P(O)F + HF

Isopropylamine is added to neutralize the hydrogen fluoride generated during this alcoholysis reaction. As a binary chemical weapon, it can be generated in situ by this same reaction.

Biological effects

Its mechanism of action resembles that of some commonly used insecticides, such as malathion. In terms of biological activity, it resembles carbamate insecticides such as sevin and medicines pyridostigmine, neostigmine, and physostigmine. Like other nerve agents, sarin attacks the nervous system.

Specifically, sarin is a potent inhibitor of the enzyme cholinesterase. Sarin acts on cholinesterase by forming a covalent bond with the particular serine residue at the active site. Fluoride is the leaving group, and the resulting phosphoester is robust but biologically inactive. With the enzyme inhibited, acetylcholine builds up in the synapse and continues to act so that any nerve impulses are, in effect, continually transmitted. Normally, the acetylcholinesterase breaks down the acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft in order to allow the effector muscle or organ to relax...

Sarin degrades after a period of several weeks to several months...

Sarin has a high volatility relative to similar nerve agents. Inhalation and absorption through the skin pose a great threat. Even vapor concentrations immediately penetrate the skin. People who absorb a non-lethal dose but do not receive immediate appropriate medical treatment may suffer permanent neurological damage...

Sarin was discovered in 1938 in Wuppertal-Elberfeld in Germany by two German scientists attempting to create stronger pesticides; it is the most toxic of the four G-agents made by Germany. The compound, which followed the discovery of the nerve agent tabun, was named in honor of its discoverers: Schrader, Ambros, RĂ¼diger and Van der LINde...

1993: The United Nations Chemical Weapons Convention was signed by 162 member countries, banning the production and stockpiling of many chemical weapons, including sarin. It went into effect on 29 April 1997, and called for the complete destruction of all specified stockpiles of chemical weapons by April 2007.



Quote:
The moment 18-year-old Army Pvt. Tim Josephs arrived at Edgewood Arsenal in 1968, he knew there was something different about the place.

"It just did not look like a military base, more like a hospital," recalled Josephs, a Pittsburgh native. Josephs had volunteered for a two-month assignment at Edgewood, in Maryland, lured by three-day weekends closer to home.

"It was like a plum assignment," Josephs said. "The idea was they would test new Army field jackets, clothing, weapons and things of that nature, but no mention of drugs or chemicals."

But when he went to fill out paperwork the morning after his arrival, the base personnel were wearing white lab coats, and Josephs said he had second thoughts. An officer took him aside.

"He said, 'You volunteered for this. You're going to do it. If you don't, you're going to jail. You're going to Vietnam either way -- before or after,'" Josephs said recently.From 1955 to 1975, military researchers at Edgewood were using not only animals but human subjects to test a witches' brew of drugs and chemicals. They ranged from potentially lethal nerve gases like VX and sarin to incapacitating agents like BZ.The military also tested tear gas, barbiturates, tranquilizers, narcotics and hallucinogens like LSD.This top secret Cold War research program initially looked for ways to defend against a chemical or biological attack by the Soviet Union, thought to be far ahead of the United States in "psycho-chemical" warfare. But the research expanded into offensive chemical weapons, including one that could, according to one Army film obtained by CNN, deliver a "veritable chemical ambush" against an enemy.
No Animals In Short Video.

Test
Picture and Video Clip Stats.
File Type: mp4 Vets.mp4(4.42 MB, 342 views)
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