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Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed 

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Old 12-28-2011, 04:55 PM
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Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

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Some of the volcanic bluestones in the inner ring of Stonehenge officially match an outcrop in Wales that's 160 miles (257 kilometers) from the world-famous site, geologists announced last week.

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The discovery leaves two big ideas standing about how the massive pieces of the monument arrived at Salisbury Plain: entirely by human hand, or partly by glacier.

As it looks today, 5,000-year-old Stonehenge has an outer ring of 20- to 30-ton sandstone blocks and an inner ring and horseshoe of 3- to 5-ton volcanic bluestone blocks.

he monument's larger outer blocks, called the Sarsen stones, were likely quarried some 20 to 30 miles (32 to 48 kilometers) away in what's now England, where sandstone is a common material.

The origin of the bluestones, however, has weighed heavy on the hearts of archaeologists. Rocks resembling the material under a microscope haven't been found anywhere relatively near Stonehenge—at least until now.

Pinpointing the stones' origins is crucial to understanding how so many heavy hunks of rock made their way to the open plain where Stonehenge now stands.

There's no way of explaining how these stones were transported without knowing where they came from," said study co-author Robert Ixer of the University of Leicester in the U.K.

Stonehenge Source Near Sheep Farm

For about two decades, Ixer and study co-author Richard Bevins, of the National Museum of Wales, have searched for the origins of the bluestones in outcrops around Wales.

As late as two years ago, the pair thought the blocks couldn't have come from the country—no samples from Welsh outcrops matched the Stonehenge blocks.

But not all of the samples collected over 20 years had yet been prepared for examination under a microscope. To be absolutely certain, the geologists began slicing up their remaining rocks.

The very first one—a chunk of rock collected in Wales 20 years ago—was a perfect match to the Stonehenge bluestones. The geologists spent the next two years checking a piece of Stonehenge bluestone against other outcrops around Wales.

"We sampled extensively and did not find anything that came anywhere close," Ixer said.

The rocky outcrop fingered by the duo's analysis is called Craig Rhos-y-Felin, which is now located on private land near a sheep farm.

The site is a long, bush-covered set of crags the size of four double-decker buses.

Next Step: Search for Tool Marks

The new find leaves two prominent theories for how the Welsh rocks got to Salisbury.

Humans could have quarried the site and dragged the blocks on wooden rafts. Or a giant glacier may have chiseled off the blocks and ferried them about a hundred miles (160 kilometers) toward Stonehenge, with humans dragging them the rest of the way.

If humans did the digging, archaeologists might detect marks left by tools or some other evidence. But if signs of human quarrying are lacking, the glacier idea might gain the upper hand.

"If we could find a quarry site," Ixer said, "we could tell if mankind was involved" in carving out the blocks.

But settling the issue, Ixer says, isn't up to geologists such as himself: "I have never betted in my life" and will not start now, he said.

"We need archaeologists. If they can show the rocks were quarried, that would suggest those rocks were transported by man."
http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk...cient-science/
http://www.britarch.ac.uk/cbawales/archinwales.html

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Old 12-28-2011, 05:26 PM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

ive known for years these stones came from south wales, i thought it was common knowledge. i read somewhere that a few weeks back they found a tomb at the site where the stones came from....

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Old 12-28-2011, 07:39 PM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

Yes, I thought it was common knowledge as well.

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Old 12-28-2011, 07:46 PM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

I'm confused lol
I thought stonehenge was on Easter Island?

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Old 12-29-2011, 02:13 AM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

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Originally Posted by Flaka View Post
I'm confused lol
I thought stonehenge was on Easter Island?
for real?

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Old 12-29-2011, 02:42 AM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

It's been on a few docu's stating the stones origins.

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Old 12-29-2011, 09:56 AM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

My guess is everyone knew but it's now confirmed. Difference in knowing they are from there and now having fact to prove they are

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Old 12-29-2011, 03:27 PM
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Old 01-01-2012, 05:26 AM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

if you look into its history you will learn that its arangment was reconstruct years ago into what it looks like now. Fake and without real significance. anywahy go worship some rocks

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Old 01-01-2012, 01:49 PM
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Re: Stonehenge Stones' Origin Confirmed

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Originally Posted by Steve. View Post
It's been on a few docu's stating the stones origins.
I thought so too...

Everything i've seen on Stonehenge in the last 10 or so years has made a point to mention that the stones were carried from 100 miles away, IIRC.

Guess they are just saying it's 100% certain now, not just likely.
Cool either way
I would loved to have seen those crazy Celts carting those stones across the land... especially just to see HOW they did it and the determination that they possessed to accomplish the feat. It would be fascinating to discuss it with each person involved and understand their motivation.

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