Google & China | What is the Fuss All About?
Most of you must have seen Google & China together in the news many times. Sometimes for censorship & other times for China’s government blocking Google’s services. But what is all the fuss about? Let us find out the complete story behind this:
Google.cn or Google’s Chinese version was first launched in 2006 but it was different from global version of Google (not only in terms of language “Chinese&rdquo in terms of censorship applied by Chinese government. Everything was going fine until China blocked Google’s Youtube in 2009 due to a video on Youtube showing Chinese security forces beating Tibetans.
In 2010 many companies like Google, Adobe Systems, Symantec & Yahoo were attacked by Chinese hackers. Although Google didn’t blamed Chinese Government explicitly for the hacks, but Google announced that it will no longer censor the search results in China & will pull out of China if necessary. But Google cannot pull out from world’s largest country (in terms of population at-least!) or the world’s largest market I would say. So the search results filtering were re-enabled in a few weeks without any explanation.
Due to this, Google’s market share dropped to 30% in 2010 & the major search engine became Baidu with 60% market share.
In the meantime Google discontinued some of its services in China & tried several steps to avoid censorship like redirecting all search queries from Google.cn (Google China) to Google.com.hk (Google Hong Kong), as Hong Kong had much higher freedom of speech. This allowed Google to provide uncensored (well I would say almost uncensored as it is still China) Chinese search results. In March 2010.....